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World War Two is known as the bloodiest war in world history. Over seventy million people died in Europe, Africa, and Asia. World War Two lasted from 1939-1945 with the Allied powers fighting against the Axis powers. The Allies were the United States, Canada, Great Britain, France and Australia. The Axis powers were Nazi Germany, Japan, and Italy. The United States entered World War Two when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor Hawaii. Germany declared war on the U.S the next day. Before the U.S entered the war, the battle of Stalingrad happened. Nazi Germany attacked the Russian city of Stalingrad in southern Russia to complete Hitler’s plan. The plan was known as Operation Barbarossa, Hitler’s plan was to capture most of western Russia. Stalingrad is very oil rich so Hitler knew he needed to capture it. On August 23, 1942 The Germans attacked Stalingrad and captured the city while the Russians made a front called the Stalingrad Front and attacked the city. The battle consisted of Fierce close quarters combat and direct assaults on civilians in air raids. Hitler ordered that the army stay in Stalingrad and make no attempt to break out of the city ensuring that the Russians would give up. Instead, attempts were made to supply the army by air and to break the walls from the outside. At the end of January, the Axis forces in Stalingrad had run out of  ammunition and food. The rest of the Nazi Army surrendered. On January 31, 1943 one of Hitler’s top generals, General Paulus, surrendered along with twenty other Nazi generals. Around 90 thousand German troops surrendered at the end. In December of 1944 Hitler tried to split the Allied armies in northwestern Europe with a surprise attack. This was known as the Battle of the Bulge. Hitler believed if he won then he would be able to only focus on the Russians on the Eastern Front. The Nazi’s took advantage of overcast weather conditions. The Allies could not fly their planes in such horrific weather so they were grounded. They went radio silent so no one would know about the surprise attack. The Germans attack involved 406,000 men. These men were reinforced a couple of weeks later to make the total about 460,000 men. It was the Germans last major offensive on the western front. Their surprise Blitzkrieg worked and caught the Allies off guard. This was the biggest and bloodiest battle fought by the Americans in World War Two. The Battle of Iwo Jima was fought on the island of Iwo Jima off the coast of Japan. The American invasion was meant to capture the whole island, including the  Japanese controlled airfields so the allies could get their planes on the island. The Japanese Army was dug in knowing the Americans would attack. The Japanese was know to build a dense network of bunkers, hidden artillery positions, and of underground tunnels at Iwo Jima to keep their positions low-key. The American ground forces were supported by the navy, and had complete air supremacy provided by U.S. Navy and Marine Corps aviators throughout the battle. The Marines Landed on the island in the middle of the night. The Navajo Code talkers played a huge role in the Capture of Iwo Jima, by intercepting and communicating messages to the commanders. The fighting on the beachhead at Iwo Jima was very fierce. The advance of the Marines was stopped by lots of defensive positions enhanced by U.S. artillery pieces. The Marines were ambushed by Japanese troops who occasionally jumped out of tunnels. At night, the Japanese left their defenses under cover of darkness to attack American foxholes. On Iwo Jima, Japanese soldiers who knew English were used to deceive Marines in order to kill them. They would yell “corpsman” pretending to be a wounded Marine, in order to bring in U.S. Navy medical corpsman attached to Marine infantry companies. The most well known image from the Battle of Iwo Jima is a statue in Arlington is the raising of the American flag at Mt. Suribachi. Japanese combat deaths numbered three times the number of American deaths which was unheard of because  usually the Japanese had more casualties than the Japanese. American total casualties exceeded those of the Japanese by about 15 thousand troops. All of these battles were major causes of the Allied victory in World War two. The Battle of Stalingrad was the biggest battle before the U.S.  entered the war. It is the bloodiest battle in World history. It was a devastating defeat for German forces, the High Command had to withdraw military forces from the West to replace their losses. The Battle of the Bulge was the last German Offensive on the Western Front and they did not advance westward again for the rest of the war. After the battle Winston Churchill said “This is undoubtedly the greatest American battle of the war and will, I believe, be regarded as an ever-famous American victory.”  The Battle of Iwo Jima caused the Allies to capture the island of Iwo Jima which had extensive value to defeating the Japanese. If these battles had not happened the Japanese most likely would have kept pushing in the Pacific and Russia would have fallen. The Germans could have kept pushing farther and farther into the western front eventually gaining most of continental Europe.

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