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We all know the importance of history, how inescapable history is. History studies the past and the legacies of the past in the present. It is absolutely important to understand how history connects things through time and encourages its readers to take a wide view of such connections. However the ruling party and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh are fabricating their own version of history. In the 1998 BJP came to power at the national level and for the second time in Gujarat where the RSS affiliated chief ministers have held power for much of the past decade. It resulted in two things: (1) unequal application of law to target the Muslims and the Christian groups and (2) the organized revision of textbooks at the state and the national level. The methodical rewriting of history is a captious component of Hindu nationalist ideology. Its governing concept “Hindutva” or the “Hinduness” calls for India’s former untouchables (Dalits), Muslims and the Christians to be assimilated, expelled so that a Hindu majority nation can be transformed into an exclusively Hindu nation and to do that reconstruction of history that renders India as “Hindu” is important. Hindutva history portrays Muslims and Christians as foreigners and describes medieval India as a period of decline and Muslim tyranny. When the Ruling party came to power in the year 1998 RSS Sympathizers were placed on the National Council for Education and Research training (NCERT). Over the course of the several years NCERT introduced changes to the school curriculum so that it was in accordance with the Sangh’s agenda. States with BJP governments enforced these and other changes. Some books for elementary school described all communities other than Hindus as foreigners. These books spread falsehoods, treat mythological figures like actual figures and make claims that struggle for India’s freedom became a religious war against the Muslims. Recent editions of the social science books in Gujarat suggest that there is a close alliance between terrorism and Muslim identity including hurtful statements such as “Gujarat is a border state, its land and sea boundaries touch the boundaries of Pakistan which is like a den of terrorism. Under such circumstances it is absolutely necessary for us to understand the effects of terrorism and the role of citizens in the fight against it.”
Prashant an NGO based in Ahmedabad undertook an analysis of a Gujarati class 9 school textbooks in 2005 and found that there is no mention of “Hitler’s concentration camps, the holocaust and the genocide Jews. In fact the role of Hitler is seen in a very positive way.” The section on Ideology of Nazism translates Hitler’s title of “Fuhrer” as “Saviour.” Recently the Rajasthan government removed references to India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and other important freedom fighters from the school textbooks. There also has been effort to glorify Nathuram Godse by several right wing groups. Not long ago a BJP MLA from Uttar Pradesh has said that if men like Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, “who tried to wipe out Hindus”, are seen as part of India’s history and culture then “we will change that history.” K.S Lal is considered to be one of the favourite historians of RSS who is not only on the council of the ICHR but is also on the NCERT committee to draft the model school syllabus on history. In Lal’s book “Growth of Muslim Population in Medieval India” published in 1973.  Lal gave a picture of the continuous decline of the total population from 190 to 120 million between AD 1200 and through 1500 through large scale massacres of Hindus perpetuated by Muslims.  No statistics, lenses that could help him to prove his theory. One drawback in describing all Muslims as intolerable barbarians is posed by the very visible monuments left by Muslim rulers that demonstrate a high level of art. To solve this problem P.N.Oak   and his team in the Institute Of Rewriting Indian History tried their best to reconstruct history. It was now claimed all the buildings constructed by the Muslim rulers such as Taj Mahal, Red Fort and so on had actually been built by Hindus and were simply misappropriated by Muslims. Akbar, the Mughal emperor occupies a particularly very important position in Indian History for his policy of tolerance, humanism and patronage. Historians like Ibn Hasan, Tara Chand and P. Saran   saw good evidence of the Mughal ruler’s capacity to unite the country under one policy. However when the Indian Council Of  Historical Research during its pre RSS past decided to celebrate the 450th birth anniversary of Akbar in 1992, the BJP MP raised the matter in parliament, one of them even describing Akbar as a “Pakistani”. Rajput prince like Maharana  Pratap , Prithviraj Chauhan are not simply considered brave warriors but also in L.K Advani’s words “freedom fighters” Lachit Borphukan the great hero who stopped Mughals from conquering Northeast India is celebrated in an alluring way so much so that after him an entire army regiment is named. At the same time the Muslim chaks of Kashmir and Malik Ambar of Ahmednagar who too fought against the Mughals have no regiments named after them nor do they have any labels of freedom fighters. 

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