Site Loader
Rock Street, San Francisco

The medical goal of a society is to be able
promote health and the total well being
of individuals within their group membership. If public healthcare insurance were free, it would improve
and better the lives of the lower socioeconomic class economically (Igiede,
2010). The nature of both health and
medicine in a given society are culturally determined. Having a higher socioeconomic status and
dependency of race can account for higher respect from a healthcare provider
(Malat, 2001). Being from a higher socioeconomic class establishes dominance over
the lower socioeconomic class, which leaves individuals with different amounts
of agency in the determination of their social mobility. Factors that affect
the chance of individuals receiving equal services includes, their
socioeconomic status, whether they have access to healthcare insurance, their
group membership, race, and location, which are all part of a structure that
limits the individuals option in trying improving their lives. This essay focuses
on how individuals have some agency in controlling their lives based on their
socioeconomic class in different communities when it involves healthcare and
economy as its institutions.

            The economic status of communities
can be a determinant of death rates in the community. A study was conducted in
New York City to identify the health inequalities between the populations of
different social and economic conditions. The study has shown that when it came
to the death rates of individuals in poor and wealthy neighborhoods, the
poorest neighborhoods had more death rates by having 1,248 total deaths (1989-1991)
and 975 total deaths (1999-2001), compared to the wealthier neighborhoods
having total of 771 (1989-1991) and 637 deaths (1999-2001). Death rates are
significant because it can uncover the type of service an individual received
towards their health based on their location. Even though it is the individuals
have a choice on the location they live in, they cannot always control the
income they make to receive better healthcare. They sometimes may not even be
able to control the location they live in due to being born into that social
context. These death rates are related to health concerns within both groups. Even
through both categories have declined the past years, the poorer neighborhoods
had more deaths (Bassett, Karpati, McCord, 2006).  The cause of the differences may be towards
the fact that the poorer populations received poorer service versus the
wealthier populations. Due to the poorer services there were death rates
associated with heart disease, diabetes, liver disease, and pneumonia. The
analysis of the death rates between the two groups, uncovers the service of
inequality within the socioeconomic classes within medicine underlying the New
York City area. The results show that in NYC, despite the declines rate
differences between the poor and wealthy neighborhoods, there are great
socioeconomic inequalities that persist. This analysis is significant in the
paper due to the differences of social class presented within different
locations, income and hierarchy. There is a relationship between income
inequality and life expectancy.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 Living
in a poor community makes you less likely to live a long life. It was found
that individuals from unequal communities are more likely to die before the age
of 75 then people in more equal communities, even if incomes were the same. The
inequality effects, over and above average income, and are well established.

Inequality tends to concentrate income in fewer hands, which creates more low-income
households (Katz, 2015). Even though money does not buy better health, it makes
a difference for individuals who are on the lower scale of income than those on
the top. Having individuals who are from a lower scale of income in a community
will improve the average health more than those who are rich (Katz, 2015). Life
expectancy is measured by counting the potential life years lost in each
community by measuring all those died before the age of 75 (Katz, 2015). A
sociological theory may be that the service of healthcare has to do with the
communities itself of a society. The inequality effect persisted even when they
are compared to communities of similar average income and racial composition
(Katz, 2015). Wealthier Americans tend to live longer than poorer Americans (Tavernise,
2016). A significant cause of this public issue was smoking, which caused death
and created many health problems. The wealthier individuals and more educated
began to drop smoking habits, while the poorer and uneducated individuals continued
the habit (Tavernise, 2016). Thus the social contexts of your wealth and your
education are determinants of one’s overall health. Having limited access to
health care accounted towards few premature deaths in America.

The differences in social class are
critical to the racial disparities in health care. Low socioeconomic status is
determinant of access to health care. The low socioeconomic status has deadly
consequences for reasons such as, its associations with other determinants of
health status, its relationship to health insurance, and the constraints on
care at sites serving people who have low income. Socioeconomic status is
associated with racism, racial differences and part of a way where race affects
health. Race is an antecedent and determinant of socioeconomic status. There
has been a wide spread of racism in health care. One manifestation is that
whites are more likely than African Americans to receive broad range of medical
positions. Individuals with low incomes are more likely to have Medicaid or
uninsured, have poor quality heath care, and seek health care less. Ethnicity
and cultural background is expressed through interpersonal interactions,
culture is redefined and must be interpreted within the context of the individuals
history, socioeconomic status, and family. Acknowledging cultural background
and social class are incomplete and may overlook and affect individual’s
health. Those who had a low income the neighborhood, poverty, and subsizing
housing were a factor for income level. The low-income individuals who had
Medicaid coverage went to low-income clinics, or those who were completely
uninsured used emergency rooms and free clinics (Becker, Newsom, 2003).  

Some causes from external social factors
that affect the quality of life is the socioeconomic status, health services,
gender, income, and genetics. The causes can be the visits to the hospital, the
type of doctor you will visit, what part of social class an individual is from,
the choices an individual creates, how much money they make, and if you have to
pay out of pocket for treatments and medications. Healthcare tends to focus on
how to achieve an acceptable level of health for the population in question,
given constrained budgets and, thus, on the need for choices to ration
resources between all of the available options. The problem with the social
institution of the hospital is that its goal is to provide health care for all
and to make a profit. The hospital cannot make a profit if doctors devote a
very long time to each patient. Their approach identifies the industry as a
broad industrial grouping, which they argue spans three main components: the
providers of healthcare; financing bodies; and the manufacturers of healthcare
products. Together, these wide categories include private and public, profit
and non-profit organizations: hospitals, nursing homes, analysis laboratories,
health insurers, and pharmaceutical companies. Apart from the provision of
acceptable levels of health, it adds other objectives to a nation’s health
system including the growth in domestic health goods, manufacturing, and
services (Wilson, Sugden, Rubini, Branston, 2016).

Being diagnosed with kidney stones,
kidney infection, and tendinitis, these health issues have impacted my personal
life negatively because of being a full time student, having a job, and being a
caregiver. These problems impact the individuals that are close to me in a
negative way because of their constant worrying and even having to skip going
to work just so that they could take care of me.  It is important to receive a college education
to be able to make a future and a living one-day. Due to being affected by
these illnesses, I am disadvantaged when compared to healthy individuals. My
illnesses have caused me to do poorly on exams and miss school days. If I was a
person of a higher socioeconomic status, I would have received superior
healthcare and thus I would not have been disadvantaged.. Individual agency plays
a role when making a choice to whether seek a healthcare phycians and this is
based on institutions and structure.

The structure constitutes on a macro
level of society. The institutions within this structure are the economy and
medicine. They are interrelated and interdependent to one another and they are combined
to create the social structure of a society. The economy and medicine create
social relationships to one another viewed on a large scale that make distinct
roles and relationships. Even location and group membership plays a role with
determining what kind of healthcare one receives. It is found that if individuals
live in better, wealthier communities, those individuals would receive better
health care, insurance, and better practices (Johnson, 1997).

The group membership within a community allows those with similar characteristics
be able to understand and help one another better based on if they are going
through a same personal matter.

Some causes from external social factors
that affect the quality of life is the socioeconomic status, health services,
gender, income, and genetics. The causes can be the visits to the hospital, the
type of doctor you will visit, what part of social class an individual is from,
the choices an individual creates, how much money they make, and if you have to
pay out of pocket for treatments and medications. Healthcare tends to focus on
how to achieve an acceptable level of health for the population in question,
given constrained budgets and, thus, on the need for choices to ration
resources between all of the available options. Their approach identifies the
industry as a broad industrial grouping, which they argue spans three main
components: the providers of healthcare; financing bodies; and the manufacturers
of healthcare products. Together, these wide categories include private and
public, profit and non-profit organizations: hospitals, nursing homes, analysis
laboratories, health insurers, and pharmaceutical companies. Apart from the
provision of acceptable levels of health, it adds other objectives to a
nation’s health system including the growth in domestic health goods,
manufacturing, and services (Wilson, Sugden, Rubini, Branston, 2016).

The consequences that are influenced
would be the type of treatments, benefits, and medications that individuals would
receive. Competitiveness in the health industry, framework of healthcare,
mechanisms, knowledge, public interest and learning play a role in the
consequences of healthcare. Culture, group membership, and society play a role
on the quality of health care. Every societies facility or hospital has its own
direct care model.  This involves
concerns regulations, time with patients, and government involvement between
the patient and physician relationship. Many of the practices accept private
insurance, Medicare, and Medicaid (Anderson, 2014).  Coming from a different culture, my parents
are well aware about how important it is to have insurance to obtain the best
quality care possible. Due to my family’s low income, we do not have health
insurance and cannot pay visits to doctors. Insurance status affects the
barriers within the personal life. The major barriers are lack of insurance
coverage, poor access to services, and unaffordable costs. When we did have
health insurance we had to travel long distances to providers that accept our
insurance. If we cannot afford a visit paying out of pocket we skip the visit
to the doctor (OHSU, 2007). This shows that individuals are often times faced
with the dilemma between obtaining healthcare and traveling long distances to
receive it. The problem with structure here is that it is restricting us from
going to a nearby doctor but if we were to choose to do so, we would be paying extra
for our healthcare.

External social factors that have
impacted the consequences of this health concern for me are economic structure,
group membership, location, and culture. Social institutions and social forces
made it more and less difficult for my family handling health complications.

The economy made it more difficult for myself to apply for insurance, receive
doctor visits, and get better quality service from healthcare providers. The
medical institution made it less difficult by providing treatments,
medications, and diagnosis that affected my health positively. The social
forces that create difficulty are poverty, poor education, and infrastructure
that are outside of healthcare. The hospital facility is an institution that
helped the most to address my problem. Based on the hospitals location in my
community, there are fewer difficulties for my family to receive healthcare.

The hospital’s facility, faculty, rules, treatments and what they are able to
provide to a patient is what attracts an individual. The medical staff helped
me address my problem by doing exams, tests, and providing a caring
hospitality. Thus the structure of the hospital is there to allow individuals
to get better. To be able to qualify for health insurance based on the economic
class can hinder the type of treatment and diagnosis one would receive. The
roles that are attached to the medical staff would portray the type of quality
of treatment you would receive. My parents are from Azerbaijan. The culture
they grew up with is different compared the American culture. To them the
healthcare quality in America should be better than their country. Depending on
the income, wealth, and social class my family is in, can depend on whether or
not I receive health insurance, good quality of healthcare, and the treatments
I would need.

To resolve the health complications, health
insurance should be available to all without discrimination. It would be better
if the individual and not the government controlled which healthcare we receive.

Wage control prevents individuals from receiving insurance and raising salaries
(Tanner, 2012). Most people cannot purchase health insurance across state
lines. In New York, GHI and Empire Blue cross, represent 47% of the market. In
New Jersey, Horizon Blue cross and Blue Shield control 43% of the market. Since
different states have different regulations, cost of insurance varies deepening
where you are from (Tanner, 2012).

 All
health care providers regardless of a patient’s gender, race, ethnicities, and
social classes should provide equal treatment for all patients. The minorities
make a difference on what type of treatment an individual would receive.

Comparing different races such as white and black individuals, the white race
may receive better quality of care compared to the black individuals. Black
individuals receive less potent medications as well; because the society
creates the stereotype that this minority group will abuse the drugs (Goodnough,
2016). Most times there are racial bias and stereotyping made when treating
patients from different minorities. To resolve this situation medical
physicians should emphasize more with patients that are from a different race
than their own and to not underestimate the pain that the patient may be facing.

Individuals from a lower class minority may feel they are mistreated because
they are portrayed as poor and uninsured because of their race (Goodnough,
2016).

The goal of healthcare of a society is to
promote the well being of an individual within their community. Being part of a
lower economic status can be the cause of the high death rates within poorer communities.

Living in a location that is poor can expose individuals to living a shorter
life than those from wealthier communities. Social class and racial disparities
take major roles when involved in healthcare facilities. Treatments, benefits,
and medications are influenced on the individual’s choices and structure. There
should be equal treatment to all patients regardless of their race, income,
group membership, gender and social class. It is said that the impact of our group
memberships, individual choices, structure, and institutions in the healthcare
system are associated with our access to healthcare. Health insurance coverage
is a resource and can be a fundamental contributor to health outcomes and
individual’s personal and public life. There are racial and ethnic differences
in health services that must not be discriminated against and that all people
must receive the same treatment regardless of their race or culture. Being able
to have a primary care physician, getting transportation to medical offices,
and being able to afford treatment takes an effect on health outcomes
(Hegenauer, 2016). The status of an individual can creates issues between the
society and the self. Even though individuals have the choice of agency and
social context, they cannot be completely held responsible for the poorer
choices they make because of their social class and location and this is called
sociological imagination, where personal issues are linked to problems within
society. 

Post Author: admin

x

Hi!
I'm Glenda!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out