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     Recycling – Aluminium                                                by: Itay Shani G9     There are many good reasons for adding recycling to your routine, ranging from a personal level to a global advantage. According to the U.K. Environmental Agency, about two-thirds of landfill waste comes from households, business and industry. As this material decomposes in landfill sites, it releases methane gas. Methane is a very effective greenhouse gas, up to 20 times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.   (what and why)            Aluminum is a limited resource, therefore recycling is extremely important. In addition, Aluminium recycling provides significant energy savings in multiple sectors: Recycling aluminium requires 95% less energy and produces 95% fewer greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) than manufacturing primary aluminium (Kinhal, Vijayalaxmi.). Recycling aluminium also reduces the use of natural resources and chemicals (caustic soda, aluminium fluoride and lime) and eliminates the need for bauxite ore to be mined. (West, Larry.) Making one aluminium beverage can from raw materials uses the same amount of energy that it takes to recycle 20. Also, Recycling 1 tonne of aluminium avoids the emission of about 9 tonnes of CO2 emissions – just 1 tonne of CO2 is equivalent to driving nearly 3,000 miles(Why Recycle) .In a whole year, that one beverage can can be recycled eight times (Why Recycle..), saving enough energy to make 160 new cans another example is just one aluminium beverage can saves enough energy to power a television for three hours (” Recycling”)    There are different properties that make aluminium recyclable like the lightness of the aluminium. Aluminium specific weight is around 2.7 grams(About Aluminium.). Ductility, Its low density and melting point allows aluminium products to be formed up until the last stages of a product design. Aluminum also has no deterioration which makes it 100% recyclable. Aluminium can melt at the temperature of around 950 °C Degrees. Aluminium is usually mixed with iron, silicon, zinc, copper and magnesium, to create metals with different properties. It can be remelted because of its low melting point.(About Aluminium)    The more we recycle, the less garbage ends up in our landfills and incineration plants. By reusing aluminium and other materials, we can save production and energy costs, and reduce the negative impacts that the extraction and processing of virgin materials have on the environment. If we would recycle aluminium more often we can save a lot of energy for the environment and for us (Kinhal, Vijayalaxmi.).     ” Recycling one pound of aluminium (33 cans) saves about 7 kilowatt-hours (kWh) ” (West, Larry.) of electricity. With the energy, it takes to make just one new aluminium can from bauxite ore, you can make 20 recycled aluminium cans (West, Larry.)      Aluminium is being recycled by can going into a recycling bin. Then its taken into the area where they’ll remelt it and make into a new usable product. Then the aluminium is being cleaned and ready for reprocessing, It then goes into the re-melt process and turns into a molten aluminium. This also removes any coating or ink that was on the aluminium from before. After that, it’s being poured into a heatproof mould that can restrain the high level of heat called ” ingots ” until it completely cooled down and is able to turn into blocks. Each block can make up to 1.6 million aluminium cans.  Then they are being sent to mills in order to flatten them out and make them flexible and greater strengths. Then its made into aluminium products like cans, chocolate wrapping or even “ready meals” packaging. All this process takes about 6 weeks until it gets from the used cans to a new usable product. (Recycling- Guides).     The economies will be positively impacted by the recycling of aluminium. Aluminium is the easiest material to recycle and the cheapest to buy recyclable than a brand new one. That makes companies eager to buy recyclable ones and not brand new. That way it’s more frequently recyclable than any other materials, buying recycled aluminium products benefits local recycling centres and programs and the cities that run them. Recycling can save millions of dollars off the economy budgets. The recycling industry can have an even broader impact. Economic analysis shows that recycling can generate three times as much revenue per ton as landfill disposal and almost six times as many jobs.” recycling generates an estimated 16,000 jobs and well more than $4 billion in annual revenue” (Grabianowski, Ed).  Only “a 10 percent increase in aluminium end-of-life recycling rates decreases industry greenhouse gas emissions by 15 percent.(Grabianowski, Ed)” . Recycling aluminium can benefit both the environment and the economy. In addition, recycling one only one additional ton of waste will pay $101 more in salaries and wages, produce $275 more in goods and services, and generate $135 more in sales than disposing of it in a landfill (Lloyd,, Alan C., Ph.D., and Rosario Marin.) . The taxes in the country or region will be lower if you would recycle which will have a major effect on the economy. Landfill sites are taxed and there are fines for exceeding limits of disposal at one time in many regions. Based on a data-based I looked at 37% of our council taxes go into landfills waste.      To conclude, Aluminium is one of the most cheap and easiest materials to be recycled. It’s also the most recyclable materials that’s why if we would recycle even more of it we can change the impact of landfills, reduce pollution and to help the economy and the environment. There are many other benefits like jobs, sales etc but recycling only aluminium can help the environment and for all the living things on this planet  just  by placing a can to a recycling bin.

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