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Question 1:
How is Organisational behaviour affiliated with my organisation, my department
and me independently?

According to , there are three levels of Analysis of Organizational Behaviour (OB):

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Organization Behaviour (OB) is a behavioural science that
study the behaviour of an organization as a whole. To study the organization,
it applies the knowledge of behavioural science. Organization behaviour has
tried to analyse how the organizational structure designs technology influence
to the organizational effectiveness. It tries to focus the relationship between
organization and environmental factor that directly or indirectly affect

OB studies the impact of sociological
factors upon organizational effectiveness at organizational system level. It
tries to analyse the relationship between the organization and environment and
the influence of environment on organizational structure, design, culture and
organizational effectiveness. The behavioural consequences of this analysis are
reflected by high productivity and quality and low absence, low conflict and
turnover and customer complaints.

Organizational behaviour also focuses on
the activities of the different nature and types of organizations.
Organizational level of OB persons includes ideas or concept and meaning of
organizations, ethics and values of the organizations, types of the
organizations, types of the organizations, system of the organizations,
environment of the organizations, policies and strategies of organizations etc.
It also studies or focuses on the mission, vision, goals and objective of the
organization as a whole organizational behaviour also considers organizational
climate and the organizational adaptation. Here, organizational climate refers
to the total organizational situations affecting human behaviour,
organizational behaviour suggests the approach to create organizational climate
in totality rather than merely improving the psychological conditions or
increasing employee’s satisfaction by changing isolated work process.

Group Level
Organization Behaviour studied how the group/team/department
interacts with each other? How they work? What types of task the groups are
performing? How does leadership influence to the group etc. OB studies the
impact of social and psychological group behaviour factors upon the behaviour
and performance of groups at the group level. Organization consists of group,
teams that work together in full co-operation and co-ordination of each other.
OB at group level focuses upon group interaction among members. It is highly
concerned with social psychology theories working in a group as it studies.

dynamics: Factor that stimulates the group such as role, status, norms,
size, composition etc. 
performance: Various task and assignment to be performed in group. 
Ability to influence the group family. 
of power and politics, conflicts and stress in a team. 

Organization behaviour also focuses
an individual at the group level. We know that each member of
the group affects the behaviour of other members and, in turn, is affected by
them. The group also determines the nature and patterns of
reinforcement the members receive in the course of their interaction with one
another. In understanding group behaviour, the factors that should be analysed
are group norms, group cohesion, and group decision making. In a true sense,
organizational behaviour focuses on managerial knowledge of understanding group
behaviour which is very important for organizational morale and productivity.
In other words, the organization is made up of many groups that develop a
complex relationships to build its process and substance. Understanding the
effect of group relationship is very essential for managers in today’s
organization. Behaviour provides means to understand and achieve co-operative
group relationships and their activities through interaction, rotation of
members among groups, avoidance of win-loss situation and focus on total group
goals and objectives.

Individual Level

Organization behaviour studies
the individual behaviour of people how they react to organizational
plan, policies, etc. Psychological theories like learning, motivation and
leadership are also considered to the study of the behaviour of
an individual. It has also studies the factor like learning, perception,
belief and attitude of each individual. OB studies the impact of
psychological factor upon behaviour and job performance at individual level.

Organization consists of people with
differ in personal characteristics and demo-graphical factors. The difference
in individual is analysed by understanding their behaviour and
reaction to organizational policies, procedures and practices. It is highly
concerned with the psychological theories of an individual as it
studies motivation, perception, learning, value and attitudes, personality of
an individual and try to analyse how individual behave and
react in different situations. 

Organizations are composed of
individuals and their behaviours. Organizational behaviour specially focuses on
the individual activities and behaviours. It provides information for
analysing why and how an individual behaves in particular way. Human
behaviour is a complex phenomenon and is affected by a large number of factor
such as psychological, social, culture, ethical and others. In other words,
organizational behaviour focuses an individual level such
as individual perception, attitude, feelings, emotions, motivation,
learning, values, ethics etc. OB integrates these factors to provide simplicity
in understanding human behaviour. Similarly human behaviour can be understood
at the level of inter-personal interaction. Such inter-personal
interaction is normally in paired relationship. Organizational behaviour
provides means for understanding these inter-personal relationships in the


Question 2:
What is Organisational Culture?

According to Edgar Schein, ”Organizational
culture reflects the values and behaviors that are commonly observed in an
organization.” Investigators who pursue this line of research assume that
organizations can be characterized by cultural dimensions such as beliefs,
values, rituals, symbols, and so forth. Researchers have developed
models for understanding an organization’s culture or developed typologies of
organizational culture. 

Edgar Schein developed a model for understanding organizational
culture. He identified three levels of organizational culture:

Artifacts and behaviors

Espoused values

Shared basic assumptions


Shein, Edgar (1992).
Organizational Culture and Leadership: A Dynamic View. San Francisco, CA:

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