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Persons with PSTD, may no longer feel as though
the world is a safe place when they experience something traumatic. They may
feel that danger is everywhere. As a result, a person may be in a constantly
state of anxiety and fear. That’s why a cognitive behavioral treatment for PSTD
needs a lot of attention on varying the ways in which the people interpret
their own environment. Reducing the power to activate the fight or flight
response is caused by mindfulness which is the other way of taking a step back
from thoughts. (Youngdiggers, n.d.)

Human behavior is evolving from time to time.
For us humans, a thousand years in the past may not be as helpful today. That’s
why behavior adapts to the changing times and the environment, although it
never completely forgets its evolutionary roots. (Grohol, 2012). Fight or
flight response is also called the “acute stress response”. The fight or flight
response is a physiological reaction that happens whenever a person is in
danger. It is also stated that whenever animals perceived threats, the
sympathetic nervous system will generally discharge resulting to fighting or
fleeing of the animal. (Cannon, 1929).  As
what Cannon says that with
every new threatening experience our mind forms a network of connections that
get triggered. The more we are exposed to danger the more we are sensitive to it. That’s why
when a person is exposed to danger repeatedly, the body becomes sensitive that
even minor threats can trigger them physically, emotionally, and cognitively
response (Bloom, 1999).

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Moreover,
during this reaction, adrenaline and cortisol is released, slowing digestion,
speeding of heart rate, slow digestion, the flowing of the blood to the major
muscle groups, the released of the burst of energy and strength in the body. This
enable us to physically fight or run away when we are in danger. When the
threat is gone, everything returns to its normal function, but in times of
chronic stress it can cause damage to the body. (Youngdiggers, n.d). In acute
stress, the sudden release of hormone is from the body’s sympathetic nervous
system. The sympathetic nervous system is the adrenal glands that triggered the
release of catecholamines, which include adrenaline and non-adrenaline is
caused by the sympathetic nervous system. Increase of heart rate, blood
pressure and breathing rate is the result. Therefore, the response prepares the
body to either flee the treat or fight (Youngdiggers, n.d.).

 

To further explain, we can’t
understand more about what happens in fight or flight response syndrome without
discussing the difference between fear and anxiety. Whenever we are in a
dangerous situation we experience the emotion called “fear”. While the experiences
leading us up to a dangerous, threatening situation or stress is called
“anxiety”. Anxiety and fear is a very helpful response because it provides us
with information. It prepares us to act whenever we are in danger and when the
danger is present. A several changes happens in our body whenever we are in a
dangerous situation or in stress, fear and anxiety. The changes that is
happening to us is part of the fight or flight syndrome. (Youngdiggers, n.d) For
example, when we are about to do a report. We may also experience it whenever
we are talking in front of many people. The difference between the imagined
threat and real danger is cannot always be determined by our body. Crowded or
cramped places such as going to a concerts or being stuck in an elevator is one
of the few fear and anxiety of a person with PTSD. These situations are not
dangerous in the sense that they don’t threaten our survival (Youngdiggers,
n.d.) We evaluate this situations because of the way we have fear and anxiety
in these situations.

However, it is stated that whenever we
experience fear and anxiety it does not always occur in situation when we are
in immediate danger. The difference between the imagined threat and real danger
is cannot always be determined by our body. Therefore, whenever we interpret a
situation as a threat, our body will respond immediately like we are in danger
and threat , even though we’re not in danger (Youngdiggers, n.d). People are
not concerned with making clear thought out decisions and thinking about the
consequences of those choices. That’s why a person is hyper focused on
short-term survival in the moment (Bloom , 1999).

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