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INTRODUCTION

 

Structured data vs unstructured data: structured
data is involved of
clearly characterized data types whose pattern makes them effectively searchable;
while unstructured data “everything else” contains data which is not
easily searchable such as social media postings.

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Unstructured data versus
structured data does not signify any genuine clash between the two. Clients
select either not founded on their information structure, but rather on the
applications that utilization them: social databases for organized, and most
some other sort of use for unstructured data.

However, there is a
growing strain between the simplicity of investigation on structured data
versus additionally difficult examination on unstructured data. Structured data
examination is a develop procedure and innovation. Unstructured data analytics
is a beginning industry with a great deal of new speculation into R&D,
however isn’t a develop innovation. The structured data versus unstructured
data issue inside companies is choosing in the event that they ought to put
resources into investigation for unstructured data, and on the off chance that
it is conceivable to total the two into better business knowledge.

 

What is structured data ?

The structured
information relies on the making of data model :- which tells the kind of
business information that will be recorded and will be put away and prepared.
It likewise incorporates which field of information is stored and how the
information will be put away which is called data type and it incorporates
address, numeric, literary, name, and so on and furthermore the limitations on
the information input. Organized data has an advantage that it can be
effectively put away, prepared and dissected. SQL is the programming language
which is utilized for management and inquiry of the structured data.

 

 

What
is unstructured data?

 

Unstructured data is not arranged
in fixed pre defined way and it’s the data which have no fixed data model

 

1.    
Unstructured
data cant be stored in a table without preprocessing

2.    
 Examples: social media sites(blogs, posts,
etc.), email, surveys with open questions.

 

Unstructured data has strong
influence of three V’s:-

Volume:- Unstructured data usually
requires more storage than structured data.

Variety:-Unstructured data
previously was generated by untapped data sources, which can reveal personal
information of customers.

Velocity:-The unstructured data is
increasing at more pace than the structured data.

Figure representing 3V’s is below:-

 

 

 

Figure 1                                         Source
infodiagram.com

 

 

How common is unstructured data?

The data which is used mostly in
any business or companies is unstructured data. It increases at much more pace
than the structured data:-

 

1.    
More
data storage is required for pictures and videos which is also called as “Rich
Content”

2.    
The
data which is produced by objects that are formerly not connected, like
watches, cars, robots, etc are very important for the growth of data.
Unstructured data sources become transcendent reason for customer insights.

3.    
The
structured data when combined with unstructured data sources help to obtain a
more complete picture of the needs and what customers want.

4.    
Unstructured
data is more subjective, while the structured data tends to provide answers to
“what” questions while unstructured data usually provides the answer to “why”
questions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

DIFFERENCE B/W STRUCTURED AND UNSTRUCTURED
DATA

 

STRUCTURED DATA
 

UNSTRUCTURED DATA

Structured
systems are those systems where the activity of processing data and output is
predetermined and highly composed.
Structured
systems are designed, built and operated by the IT department.
 
ATM
transactions, manufacturing inventory control systems are all forms of
structured systems.
 
 
 
The
rules in structured system are little complex.
 

By
contrast, unstructured systems are those systems which  have very less  structure.
 
Unstructured
systems include email, reports, contracts, and other communications.
 
 A person who performs a communications
activity in an unstructured system has wide latitude to structure the message
in whatever form is desired.
 
The
rules of unstructured systems are fewer and less complex.

 

Figure2:- Great benefits can be accomplished by
bridging the gap between structured and unstructured systems

 

The structured and
unstructured data system has grown in parallel but separately. So, both has
separate environment and different from each other in ways such as:-

1.     Structural

2.     Organisational

3.     Functional
and technical

 

There could be
huge number of possibilities if both of the systems are associated in a
compelling way. The new sort of frameworks can be worked with the upgrade to
existing frameworks. There could be more amazing benefits which could be
achieved if all the technical, structural, functional and organisational
barriers can be removed.

 

 

A NEW PERSPECTIVE OF DATA

Business intelligence
faces certain limitations because  it is totally
based on the numbers. The most distinctive and necessary approach to decrease
the hole amongst organized and unstructured information is to consolidate the
content and numeric information, which could lead to better and higher
information and insight which was not attainable previously.

There are numerous ways
with which the merger of numeric and textual data can be used to make more
innovative results. An example is to create an unstructured contact file, which
has access to every communication which the customer had previously with the
organisation including letters and emails. So, this file will have all useful
sources such as communication, date of contact, with whom person contacted, nature
of the contact and many more.

 

USES
FOR THE UNSTRUCTUED CONTACT FILE

The most effective
utilization of contact file of clients as far as expanding a CRM framework to make
a broader view of a customer, enables us to attain these important objectives :-

A standout amongst the
most intense employments of the client contact record is as far as
supplementing a CRM framework to make the wide perspective of the client,
empowering to achieve these imperative targets:

1.     Cross
Selling:- If one understands a considerable measure about the client in one
field, the chances to sell to the similar client in another field will
materialize.

2.     Prospecting:-
Better one knows or understands a client, the better one can qualify deals
prospect list.

3.     Anticipation:-
 The future needs could be met by
understanding about the client.

The most basic essentials
of CRM is that its substantially simpler to offer into a settled up client than
get another client. This long haul relationship is set up in view of
coordinated learning about the client, including:

 

·       Age
 

·       Occupation
 

·       Net worth
 

·       Marital status
 

·       Education
 

·       Children
 

·       Income
 

·       Address
 

The idea behind making
the 360 degree perspective of the client is to unite information from a wide
range of places in request to coordinate the information and accomplish a
genuinely strong and far reaching perspective of the client.

 

 

Figure
3

There are following
challenges to integrate the information :-

1.     To
find the data in first position.

2.     Data
maintenance using diverse advancements.

3.     Merging
of assembled data

4.     Maintaining
customer’s profile up to date

5.     Management
of volume of collected data

 

Unstructured contact file

CUSTOMER ID
 

·       name

·       age

·       gender

·       address

·       phone

·       occupation

·       Income

 

Independent from anyone
else the information accumulated as a major aspect of this procedure is
profitable. In any case, to make a genuine 360 degree view of the client, one
should upgrade this information with the rich vein of unstructured client
correspondences data. At exactly that point will you have the complete
viewpoint. Rather than simply knowing odd actualities about the client, the
organization can recognize what the client has been stating what communication
have happened. Various types of information is composed together in order to
accomplish 360 degree point of view of client.

 

 

 

Figure4

 

 

 

BUILDING
THE UNSTRUCTURED CONTACT FILE

 

 

 

There are different
strategies to achieve work of an unstructured document. Utilizing a case of
email, the simplest and basic path is to file the un-organized the contact
document and leave email from where they are found initially. With the
utilization of this method, a file is made for each correspondence, which
contains couple of things, for example, :-

 

• Communication date

• With whom the
communication is directed

• Customer’s name and
identification

• Email’s location

 

 

At whatever point any
organization needs to figure out if there is any correspondence, the file is
utilized. On the off chance that it appears that the correspondence is
applicable, the partnership can see the capacity area of the email and
furthermore can read the email. On the other hand, the real email sent with the
list and there is no prerequisite of further pursuit. This approach requires
more framework assets , it does decreases the required work finding a
particular email.

 

 

 

USES OF UNSTRUCTURED CONTENT IN OTHER
APPLICATIONS

 

The
most vital use of unstructured data is in litigation support. For instance :-
if a company is sued by someone. The primary thing which that company should
know is that what contact it had with that person. With whom he/she was working
with and with whom her/she reached. For this situation, the capacity of viewing
unstructured data is extremely important.There is another use of mixing
structured and unstructured data to increase the business intelligence and
reports.
Structured applications are great at:

 

1.     Summaries
creation

2.     Summary
of data break down into different categories.

3.     Drill
down creation

4.     Drill
across creation

 

Figure
5

How Semi-Structured Data Fits with Structured
and Unstructured Data

Semi-structured data
keeps internal markings that acknowledge separate data elements, that empowers
information grouping and chain of commands. The two reports and databases will
be semi-structured. This information just represents  around 5-10% of the semi-structured/structured/unstructured
data pie, but also has basic business use cases.

Email is an very basic
case of a semi-structured data type. Although further developed examination tools
are important for string chase, close dedupe, and idea seeking; email’s local
metadata empowers grouping and catchphrase looking with no extra tools.

 

Semi-structured Data
examples :-

·      
Markup language XML

It is a semi structured
language. XML is an arrangement of report encoding rules that characterizes a
human-and machine-decipherable format. Its value is that its tag-driven
structure is profoundly flexible, and coders can adjust it to universalize
information structure, storage, and transport on the Web.

 

Open standard
JSON

JSON is another semi-structured data trade arrange. Java is understood in
the name yet other C-like programming languages recognize it. Its structure
comprises of name/value matches (ex question), and a requested value list (ex
cluster). Since the structure is exchangeable among languages, JSON exceeds
expectations at transmitting information between web applications and servers.

 

NoSQL

 Semi-structured information is a vital part of various NoSQL databases. NoSQL databases distinction from relative databases since they do not separate the
organization from the info.
This settles on NoSQL a superior call to
store information that doesn’t effectively match into the record and table
format, as an example,
content with dynamical lengths.
It likewise takes into thought less hard data trade between databases. Some a lot of up to this point NoSQL information bases like Couchbase &
MongoDB to boot fuse
semi-structured data by regionally put away them within the JSON format.

 

 

 

Structured vs Unstructured Data: Next Generation
Tools are Game Changers

There are new tools which
are accessible to interrupt unstructured data. Most of these tools rely on
machine learning. Structured data examination may also use machine learning,
the huge volume and a huge range of various kind of unstructured data needs it.
Unstructured information examination with machine-learning insight enables
associations to :-

 

•Analyze digital correspondence for consistence:-

Failed consistence can
cost organizations a lot of dollars in 
lost business and cost. Pattern recognition and email threading
investigation programming seeks enormous measures of email and visit
information for potential noncompliance. A current case incorporates
Volkswagen’s burdens, who may have maintained a strategic distance from a
tremendous fines and reputational hits by utilizing examination to screen
correspondences for suspicious messages.

 

•Track high-volume client conversations in social media:-

 Content analytics and opinion investigation
gives experts a chance to audit positive and negative results of advertising
efforts, or even distinguish online dangers. This level of analytics is
significantly more modern straightforward keyword search, which can just report
basics like how frequently notices said the organization name during new
campaign. New investigation likewise incorporate setting: was the say positive
or negative? Were notices responding to each other? What was the tone of
responses to official declarations? The automotive business for instance is
intensely engaged with examining online networking, since auto purchasers
frequently swing to different notices to measure their auto buying experience.
Experts utilize a mix of text mining and assessment analysis to track
auto-related client posts on social media sites (Twitter).

 

• Gain new advertising intelligence:-

 Machine-learning examination instruments rapidly
work enormous measures of archives to investigate client behaviour. A
noteworthy magazine distributer connected content mining to countless articles,
examining each different production by the prevalence of major subtopics. At
that point they broadened analytics over all their substance properties to see
which general themes got the most consideration by client statistic. The analytics
kept running crosswise over a huge number of bits of substance over all
productions, and cross-referenced interesting issue comes about by segments.
The outcome was a rich instruction in which topics were most fascinating to
particular clients, and which marketing messages reverberated most firmly with
them

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