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As the late Ray Bradbury once said “There are worse crimes than burning books. One of them is not reading them”. The literary talents of Ray Bradbury and George Orwell shine bright through their works: 1984 and Fahrenheit 451. If one has not had the pleasure of reading those books it truly would be a crime. Both books are quite similar as they include a dystopian society with protagonists who are trying to escape the stranglehold of oppressing leaders. In the end both protagonists attempted freedom but with differing outcomes. The success of Guy Montag from Fahrenheit 451, unlike that of Winston Smith from the novel 1984 was entirely due to Guy Montag’s ability to utilize those around him to escape the stranglehold of those in power. The single most important person in Montags journey is Faber. Fabers role in the Fahrenheit 451 is providing a mentor type figure to Montag. He teaches Montag that books display the element of humanity in everyday life and situations. Faber does this through coaching Montag both in person and through the hearing device planted in his ear. He helps direct Montags reactions through altercations with Mildred’s friends and several altercations with Beatty along the way. Faber and Montag first many years before the time when the book takes place in a park. After a long discussion about books, he gave Montag his contact information. After Montag is taken in by the magic of books, he decided to contact Faber and together, the two men try to work together against their oppressive society. If it were not for Montags ability to see how great of a resource Faber can be to him and to utilize him and his knowledge, he would not have been able to seek success to the extent that he did.  Captain Beatty was also a character that Montag was able to utilize. Initially, when a reader thinks about Captain Beatty he may seem like he’s just the know it all fire captain who has a fiery passion for burning books. But he is a lot more than that and Montag is quick to recognize that as the plot develops. Montag sees the inner conflict in Beatty and takes advantage of it. He is able to get Beatty to tell him what their society was so good at withholding, such as;  information, things to think about and the truth of how they got there. He also provides Montag with the history of the society that the two currently were living in, and the history of his profession as a firefighter. The History he is made aware of covers why books are banned and how those living in that society lost all the capability to be able to think on their own. All the information Captain Beatty provides, answers many questions that Montag had, and instead of resolving Montags dilemma at the time, ends up leaving him more disconnected as he does not want things to be the way that had Beatty described. Beatty also gives him permission to keep the book “The Hearth and the Salamander” for 24 hours before returning it to the Station to be disposed of. This helps Montag feel more comfortable keeping books around in his life. Beatty also hints that he himself went through a crisis before he was able to come back to work and be content with the profession he is in. This also makes Montag feel better about his recent breakdown and gives him a chance to think about it a bit more clearly. By giving Montag all of the information and things to think about and pushes Montag into realizing what his heart truly desires. It also makes him realize how unhappy the society makes him. Although it was not Beattys intent it, let Montag discover that he can not continue to keep being who he has been and that he must escape soon. If it was not for Montags ability to realize that he could inherit such vast knowledge from Beatty and use that to his advantage, he would not have been able to use it to help himself escape the oppressive society that he was trapped living in.Another individual that Montag is able to utilize in order to gain freedom from the oppressive society he was born into was Clarisse Mcclellan. Clarisse is Montags next door neighbor who is silenced by the government for living independently and learning the true meaning of life. She’s very chatty, and through a few walks with Montag she is able to open his eyes to the world of freedom as she uses books to show him. Montag grows increasingly dissatisfied with his life the more he talks with Clarisse. He starts to wonder if perhaps books aren’t so bad after all, and even steals one from a house he burns down.  Her influence on Montag at the beginning of the story is quite extensive; because of her, Montag decides to begin reading himself. In the novel 1984 Winston Smith is led to believe that he has met  the love of his life, but also his ally in Julia. Initially, they both appear to have the same interest in escaping struggle of the oppressive leader (Big Brother) in Oceania. Where Winston was unable to utilize Julia to help him escape oppression Julia is Winston Smith’s love-interest and his ally in the struggle against Big Brother. She represents the elements of humanity that Winston does not: pure sexuality, cunning, and survival. While Winston simply manages to survive, Julia is a true survivalist, using any means necessary to conduct her self-centered rebellion. Her demeanor is that of a zealous Party follower, but just under that thin surface is an individual with unchecked human desires and a willful spirit, which ultimately results in her capture.While Winston enjoys sex and intimacy, Julia is an outwardly sexual being and sleeps with Party members regularly — at least before she meets Winston. She does not do this to destroy the Party but to quench her own desires, and that is the fundamental difference between Winston and Julia. His rebellion is as much for future generations as it is for himself; her rebellion is purely incidental to her own desires. Julia is far more intuitive and realistic than Winston. She understands the Party better than he does and is more cunning in the ways that she defies Party doctrine. While Winston is emotional about the Party and its potential downfall, Julia feels his wishes are merely fantasy and is apathetic to the Party’s dogma. She busies herself with getting around the Party, unlike Winston, who wishes to attack the Party at its center. Julia uses sex to attack the Party, but it is far less effective a weapon than love. When Julia and Winston fall in love, they commit the ultimate offense against the Party. Note that the couple was caught at their happiest moment, the moment where they let down their guard and felt like an ordinary couple. Both had been watched for years and could have been captured at any time. But not until their love was strong did the Party intervene. Separating the couple diminishes their effectiveness: As individuals they do not understand the party wholly, nor are they capable of resistance. Superficially, Julia seems like an uncomplicated character. She functions as a sounding board for Winston, but she is far more complicated than that. Winston has real antipathy toward women resulting from the Party’s indoctrination and from its stringent sexual codes. Winston can remember a time when affection was shown for affection’s sake and is angry at women for what the Party has done to them. Julia does not follow these strict sexual codes and, in fact, breaks them at every opportunity. She shows Winston, who once imagined raping and killing her, that the Party cannot get to the most intimate places in a human being’s mind; she is his proof that the feelings that he has been having are valid. Julia gives Winston hope, and it is the continuation of this hope that gets them both destroyed.Emmanuel Goldstein Another figure who exerts an influence on the novel without ever appearing in it. According to the Party, Goldstein is the legendary leader of the Brotherhood. He seems to have been a Party leader who fell out of favor with the regime. In any case, the Party describes him as the most dangerous and treacherous man in Oceania. At the end of Part Two of 1984, just a short time before his arrest, Winston comes to realise Goldstein’s final message. It is, in his words:The future belonged to the Proles.This is a turning point in 1984: without finishing Goldstein’s book, Winston learned the true meaning of rebellion. That is, that the Proles will eventually become conscious of the Party’s absolute power and they will rise up and overthrow.Mr. Charrington is an old man who runs a secondhand store in the prole district. Kindly and encouraging, Mr. Charrington seems to share Winston’s interest in the past. He also seems to support Winston’s rebellion against the Party and his relationship with Julia, since he rents Winston a room without a telescreen in which to carry out his affair. But Mr. Charrington is not as he seems. He is a member of the Thought Police. Firstly, although Charrington seems to be more senior than the Thought Police thugs that are beating Winston, it’s not clear what rank he holds in relation to the overall organisation structure. He may simply be one step up from them. His shop is, as you’ve indicated a honey-trap designed to entice party members who’re swaying toward subversion. Note that we see illegal items openly displayed: He could guess, however, that the book was much older than that. He had seen it lying in the window of a frowsy little junk-shop in a slummy quarter of the town and had been stricken immediately by an overwhelming desire to possess it. Party members were supposed not to go into ordinary shops), but the rule was not strictly kept,Later, Charrington attempts to subvert Winston further by offering him additional forbidden items and a private room with no viewscreen. Had Winston not returned, it’s likely that his other indiscretion, purchasing the blank book, would have simply been overlooked.All hope lies with the proles, they’re the only part of society with the man power necessary to overwhelm the military forces of The Party.The Party can’t have the control they claim over the whole of Oceania. Look at the size of the Americas and the population density there and it would be impossible for them to exert the same amount of control they had over Airstrip one. It’s co platelet possible that life outside A1 isn’t that bad, or in reality The Party only control A1. The Inner Party has identified the process by which cultural revolution takes place: Someone outside the Inner Party leads the Proletariat in an uprising, having identified that things are unfair and need to change. The leaders of that uprising then become the new Inner Party, and then the process repeats when that new Inner Party falls out of favor with the masses.The system of Oceania is designed to halt that process. The Proletariat, through constant war and privation, are kept in a state where they cannot lead themselves. Their only concern is about their basic needs; one cannot consider political change when one is wondering if they’ll have enough food to put on the table each day.The only threat, then, is from someone in the Outer Party, who would have the ability to think beyond subsistence-level needs, and might be able to help the Proles go “Yeah, things could be better!” So the Inner Party has already put into place a number of safeguards, like the Thought Police, to identify any potential agitators. And within the events detailed in the novel, they are going a step further to try to eliminate all independent thought within the Outer Party itself. They are programming their middle-managers to engage in “double-think” which allows them to believe two disparate thoughts as being truthful at the same time, as well as working on “duckspeak” which would allow the Outer Party to communicate without thinking at all. So the only way to overthrow the government of Oceania would mean there’s a Prole who has managed to feed him/herself enough to think beyond basic needs and has managed to organize a movement without Big Brother noticing, a member of the Outer Party who has managed to foment these seditious thoughts and has managed to organize a movement without Big Brother noticing, or a member of the Inner Party struck with a sudden bout of conscience and is willing to give up their own life of ease to effect change.Or it would take the conquering of Oceania by one of the other two major powers of the world, but there is every indication that life in those areas are just as totalitarian as Oceania is. Indeed, I would say that the three major powers want the wars to continue, for the privation it forces upon their lower classes.

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